STUDY AND TREATMENT OF SELECTED DECORATED SHAWL IN APPLIED ART MUSEUM, CAIRO, EGYPTWritten by Enas Abo El enen Amin
This paper explores the deterioration aspects were found due to suffering from several degradation factors during the previous museum exhibition for an archaeological Shawl such as: the object was supported on a type of Rigid Acrylic Sheets without porous it and using old adhesives to adhere the supporting fabric from the edges. The textile is dated to the Coptic period, and was exhibited in Applied Art museum in case m.s 509. Also, treatment and conservation method have been done successfully such as old conservation repairs were removed, then the textile objects were supported by stitching on to backing linen fabric stretched on wooden frames. And the museum re-exhibition operations have been done by using a wood frame. But much deterioration, degradation aspects were investigated by using recent technologies such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to identify the kind of fibers, their condition and surface morphology. The results showed that the textile artifacts studied were very dirty, there are many separated parts, missing area, missing weft threads, separated threads, discoloration of a part of the brown waved wool, inflexibility of some warp and weft threads and yellowing of the lower part from the object. FTIR also was used to identify the kinds of dyes, and Mordant.